Diet Modification

Dental diseases include dental caries, developmental defects of enamel, dental erosion and periodontal disease. The main cause of tooth loss is dental caries in which diet plays an important role. Diet also plays a significant aetiological role in dental erosion, the prevalence of which seems to be increasing, and dietary components may contribute to development of enamel defects

Gainesville Dental Arts Gainesville Haymarket Diet Nutrition Oral Health

Diet has a local effect on oral health, primarily on the integrity of the teeth, pH, and composition of the saliva and plaque. Nutrition, however, has a systemic effect on the integrity of the oral cavity, including teeth, periodontium (supporting structure of the teeth), oral mucosa, and alveolar bone. Alterations in nutrient intake secondary to changes in diet intake, absorption, metabolism, or excretion can affect the integrity of the teeth, surrounding tissues, and bone as well as the response to wound healing.

The form of the fermentable carbohydrate directly influences the duration of exposure and retention of the food on the teeth. Prolonged oral retention of cariogenic components of food may lead to extended periods of acid production and demineralization and to shortened periods of remineralization.

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